94% of engineering graduates are not fit for hiring - say this IT stalwart.What are the solutions?

94% of engineering graduates are not fit for hiring - say this IT stalwart.What are the solutions?

According to the Annual Employability Survey 2019 report by Aspiring Minds, the

employability prospects of Indian engineering has not changed in the past nine years. Only a

handful of engineers possess the next-generation skills which can be used properly in an

organization. The report also says that 94% of Indian engineers are not fit for hiring and that,

only 2.5% of then have technical skills in AI that can be used in the industry to maximize its

growth and profitability. It also highlights that if any ad hoc changes are made in the Indian

higher education system, it won’t be able to address and solve the problem. The solution is

that it needs a very systematic and fundamental change so that high unemployability numbers

can be dealt with. Such a situation can cause major instability in the economic and social

conditions of our country. In the upcoming years, it might also lead to wide-scale

dissatisfaction and disillusionment. Even though the number of educational institutions,

universities and colleges are increasing, the problem still persists. The wide employability

gap is also due to rote based learning rather than actually coding the programs on the

computer for various kinds of problems. Additionally, there is a dearth of good teachers who

can teach programming because most of the good programmers get a job in the IT industry

with a good salary.

Some possible reasons for the longevity of this problem could be parental pressure, poor or

outdated curriculum, and expectations.

Parental Pressure: This is one of the major reasons why students are forced to opt for

subjects that they do not want to study or a course that they don’t want to pursue. Parents

usually consider engineering and medical as the only stream where they can see their child’s

growth and prosperity in their career. This forces the student to get just the qualifying marks

by beatifying some questions and attend the examinations. This ends up in scoring a good

percentage but less acquisition of knowledge. It is really important that parents improve their

views and opinions regarding their child/children’s career options or choices which will give

them a wide scope of choosing what they want to study rather than forcing them.

Poor or Outdated Curriculum: A significant number of students in India opt CS/IT while

they pursue engineering. If we take a look at the syllabus of the courses that are taught in

colleges and universities, it is evident that the syllabus is laidback and ancient in any

engineering university. With new, high end and highly demanded requirements in the

industry like React(JavaScript library), Swift and AngularJS and million others including

machine learning, deep learning, and artificial intelligence, students are still being taught C

(programming language), C++ (programming language). Apart from the outdated and

laidback syllabus, a huge gap has been bridged between theoretical knowledge and practical

knowledge which put more emphasis on the real-life use of theoretical knowledge. This

problem can be curbed by changing the autonomous system and developing something new

and more practical in nature. As an ensue of which, millions of students in line will be

benefitted and will have a window to reach out to the new learning which can be useful in the

industry in the future. Rather than 100% examination based judgment, students can be

evaluated based on the practical implementation of the knowledge via mini-projects,

presentation skills, and ability to relate the problem with the industry.

Expectations: The sole basis of hiring graduates from an engineering college in the IT

industry has been their performance in 10th , 12th and B.Tech. This means that the students

need to have complete command over the languages which will be used in the expertise

rather than other skill sets.

There exist no shortcuts in improving the current scenario. However, immediate

identification and quantification of the gap are important along with short term vocational

band-aid and intervention in the education structure can serve to improve the gap.

 Vocational courses can help in filling the gap and reducing the employability gap. After a

rapid recognition and proper identification of the gap, an individual can opt for vocational

courses to shorten the employability gap or eliminate the same. This will help in enhancing

the required niche skills which will be required incorporates that typically look for a certain


It is high time that the Indian engineers move beyond the basic programming and coding

skills and be equipped with the changing requirements and trends in the sector in order to

keep up with the high demands of the industry in a high paced technological world.

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Sachin Chauhan

Authored by
Sachin Chauhan